This questionnaire consists of 5 scales and assesses one's behavioral style or strategies of responding to stressful events to regulate emotions. These science-based exercises will not only enhance your ability to understand and work with your emotions but will also give you the tools to foster the emotional intelligence of your clients, students, or employees. Emotional self-regulation or emotion regulation is the ability to respond to the ongoing demands of experience with the range of emotions in a manner that is socially tolerable and sufficiently flexible to permit spontaneous reactions as well as the ability to delay spontaneous reactions as needed. The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) is a 10-item self-report measure of two emotion regulation strategies; cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression . Until recent years, research in the area has almost exclusively centered on the roles of intrapersonal emotion regulation and how individual responses to stress, challenges, or emotional distress affect their well-being (Marroquín, Tennen, & Stanton, 2017). While emotions can be regulated in a variety of ways, research suggests that some forms of emotion regulation are much healthier than others. Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: Implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. Positive reappraisal – finding the silver lining by creating a positive meaning to negative events. (2015). If a measure is Not validated, then change in the measured target was not reliably associated with Behavior Change. The higher the score, the greater the use of that particular emotion regulation strategy, conversely lower scores represent less frequent use. @article{Gullone2012TheER, title={The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire for Children and Adolescents (ERQ-CA): a psychometric evaluation. Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: Implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. Has the mechanism been identified as a potential target for behavior change? Why would we share measures that are not validated? Participants respond to each item using a 7-point Likert scale ranging from 1 (strongly disagree) to 7 (strongly agree). Dias da Silva, M.R.,, Rusz, D., Postma-Nilsenová, M. (2018) Ruminative minds, wandering minds: Effects of rumination and mind wandering on lexical associations, pitch imitation and eye behaviour. Gratz, K. L., & Roemer, L. (2004). Our goal is to make meaningful progress and develop replicable and effective interventions in behavior change science. By filling out your name and email address below. An obstacle to ER research during these periods is the paucity of valid age-appropriate measures. (2016). Main constructs measured: Intrapersonal competencies; Interpersonal competencies. I hope this helps, and all the best with your private practice. Gross, J.J., & John, O.P. As a guide, the average scores for each of the strategies are as follows: A quick online search will produce multiple PDF versions of the measures detailed above; however, if you would like to gain access to the questionnaires and learn more about their development, validation, and reliability it’s a great idea to go directly to the source, you can find a list of key references below. The German version of the Emotion Awareness Questionnaire for children and adolescents: Associations with emotion regulation and psychosocial adjustment. The ability to identify, understand, and modify the intensity of one’s emotions is essential in the development of adaptive responses, particularly towards those emotions regarded as negative. What are Negative Emotions and How to Control Them? Emotion regulation is defined by Gross (1998a) as the way that, “individuals influence which emotions they have, when they have them, and how they experience and express them” (p. 271). The experimental medicine approach involves: identifying an intervention target, developing measures to permit verification of the target, engaging the target through experimentation or intervention, and testing the degree to which target engagement produces the desired behavior change. Adaptation of the interpersonal emotion regulation questionnaire to the turkish language and investigation of its psychometric properties. can you provide me the deals, Hi Sam, The CERQ-k is an adapted 36-item version of the original CERQ designed to measure cognitive emotion regulation in children and adolescents. 6229HN Maastricht The Interpersonal Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (IERQ; Hofmann, Carpenter, & Curtiss, 2016) is a 20-item self-report questionnaire consisting of the four factors detailed below: The Emotion Regulation Scale is designed to measure the tendency to regulate emotions by cognitive reappraisal and/or expressive suppression. The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire is designed to assess individual differences in the habitual use of two emotion regulation strategies: cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression. You can find the scale and its items in the original article by Niven et al. The IERQ shows excellent psychometric properties with Cronbach alpha coefficients between .89 and .94 for all subscales (Hofmann, Carpenter, & Curtiss, 2016). The scoring of the 36-item CERQ questionnaire is again straightforward. For any questions regarding the SOBC Validation Process or Measures Repository, please email info@scienceofbehaviorchange.org. Garnefski, N., & Kraaij, V. (2006). The SOBC program aims to implement a mechanisms-focused, experimental medicine approach to behavior change research and to develop the tools required to implement such an approach. Springer International Publishing. After graduating, Elaine developed her passion for psychology through a range of avenues, focusing on consumer and small business psychology before going on to work within her local community as a learning and development officer. DOI: 10.1037/a0025777 Corpus ID: 14256866. Emotion regulation: Current status and future prospects. This study evaluated the internal consistency and factor structure of the Swedish version of the 10-item Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ), and its relation to family warmth and conflict, marital satisfaction, and parental discipline strategies, in addition to obtaining norms from the general population of parents of children aged 10-13 years. Even when emotions seem overwhelming, it is essential to remember that those emotions still provide important information. Your email address will not be published. This section includes information such as content validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability. As with the other questionnaires detailed above, the IERQ has been translated into multiple languages and has shown internal consistency coefficients between .81 and .89 with strong test-retest correlation coefficients (Gökdağ, Sorias, Kıran, & Ger, 2019). (2011). Don’t forget to download our 3 Emotional Intelligence Exercises for free. Don’t forget to. Cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression strategies role in emotion regulation: an overview on their modulatory effects and neural correlates. is a 6-module emotional intelligence training package for practitioners which contains all the materials you’ll need to become an emotional intelligence expert, helping your clients regulate their emotions and cultivate emotional connection in their lives. These science-based exercises will not only enhance your ability to understand and work with your emotions but will also give you the tools to foster the emotional intelligence of your clients, students, or employees. The paper this appeared in (Gross & John, 2003) is highly cited. What are Positive and Negative Emotions and Do We Need Both? As with the scoring of the other questionnaires, higher scores on subscales indicate the greater use of that particular strategy. Social Modeling – calculate the sum of items 1, 5, 11, 15, 20. The CERQ-k measures nine cognitive emotion regulation strategies that children may use after experiencing negative life events. Chamber of Commerce (KvK) Interpersonal emotion regulation questionnaire (IERQ): Scale development and psychometric characteristics. – Hogan’s 1969 Empathy scale (HES) When I am feeling positive emotions, I am careful not to express them. Journal of … Self-blame – the causal attribution of negative events to oneself. What is Positive and Negative Affect in Psychology? The nine cognitive emotion regulation strategies are measured on a 5-point Likert scale ranging from 1 to 5, with scores being obtained by calculating the mean scores belonging to a particular subscale. It is the first questionnaire that measures behavioral coping only and complements the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ) which measures cognitive coping. The Effects of Self-Blame On Anxiety and Depression Among Women Who Have Experienced a Stillbirth. Emotion Regulation of Others and Self (EROS): The Development and Validation of a New Individual Difference Measure. In particular, the measure has demonstrated good internal consistency and temporal stability, test-retest reliability, and sound convergent and discriminant validity (Ioannidis & Siegling, 2015). Have a look at the following statements below where you are asked to indicate what you generally think when you experience negative or unpleasant events. Niven, Karen & Totterdell, Peter & Stride, Chris & Holman, David. This evidence may include references for the proposed measure, or theoretical support for the construct that the proposed measure is intended to assess. }, author={E. Gullone and J. Taffe}, journal={Psychological assessment}, year={2012}, volume={24 2}, … @article{Gullone2012TheER, title={The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire for Children and Adolescents (ERQ-CA): a psychometric evaluation. Cognitive Therapy & Research, 40, 341–356. By integrating work across disciplines, this effort will lead to an improved understanding of the underlying principles of behavior change. Respondents are invited to consider statements regarding their emotional life, particularly how emotions are controlled or regulated. Principal component analyses provided factorial efficacy and support the allocation of items to subscales, while the test-retest reliability of the scales was good with most alphas exceeding 0.80 (Garnefski & Spinhoven, 2001). implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. Citation Gross, J.J., & John, O.P. When she isn’t working, Elaine enjoys exploring creative outlets such as painting, drawing, and photography. The emotion regulation questionnaire for children and adolescents (ERQ–CA): A psychometric evaluation. The ERQ-CA is a 10-item child-report questionnaire based on the original adult version by Gross & John (2003) deemed suitable for use with children and adolescents aged 10-18 years. For instance, using cognitive reappraisal to regulate emotions has been shown to result in more affective, cognitive, and social consequences when compared to expressive suppression. DOI: 10.1037/a0025777 Corpus ID: 14256866. For instance, women with high levels of self-blame are 2.7 times more likely to develop depression than those who do not self-blame (Killian, Cacciatore, & Lacasse, 2011). Successful skills use is assessed through nine subscales; awareness, sensations, clarity, understanding, modification, acceptance, tolerance, readiness to confront distressing situations, and self-support. The items were rephrased to better fit the cognitive abilities of children aged 9 years and older. Advance online publication. Putting into perspective – relativizing a negative event by considering the impact over time. (2011). Expressive suppression involves decreasing the outward expression of emotion. Year originally developed: 2011. In contrast, interpersonal emotion regulation focuses on how emotions are regulated through others without one’s own efforts to elicit that regulation (Hofmann, 2014). Definition + Daniel Gilbert’s Work, 5 Worksheets for Challenging Negative Automatic Thoughts (+PDF), What is Positive Mindset: 89 Ways to Achieve a Positive Mental Attitude. CERQ & CERQ-k – PDFs of the CERQ and CERQ-k can be accessed for research purposes directly from the authors at Leiden University, Netherlands. (2014). Cognitive emotion regulation refers to the conscious, cognitive handling of emotionally arousing information (Garnefski, Kraaij, & Spinhoven, 2001), and assists in the control of emotions during or after the experience of an adverse event. Where the ERQ focuses on cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression, the CERQ addresses the self-regulatory, conscious, and cognitive components of emotion regulation by distinguishing between nine different strategies: The CERQ enables clinicians and researchers to measure a broader range of cognitive emotion regulation strategies with a single questionnaire. While the original CERQ was considered suitable for adults and adolescents aged 12 and older, the CERQ-k was constructed for children of 9-11 years of age to better fit the cognitive abilities of children in this age group (Garnefski et al., 2007). doi: 10.1037/a0025777. The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) is a 10-item self-report scale designed to assess habitual use of two commonly used strategies to alter emotion: cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression. . Furthermore, the criterion validity of the ERQ has been examined, revealing numerous associations with constructs related to adaptive and non-adaptive functioning. Terms of use Barthel, A., Hay, A., Doan, S.N., & Hofmann, S. (2018). (2003). Habitual use of different emotion regulation strategies should be studied as potential mechanisms of behavior change. Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: Implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. Revisions to the ERQ include the simplification of item language, for instance, “I control my emotions by not expressing them” was considered too complicated for young children and so was reworded to “I control my feelings by not showing them.”. The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire is designed to assess individual differences in the habitual use of two emotion regulation strategies: cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression. (2015). Conversely, expressive suppression is considered a maladaptive, response-focused, plan of action implemented after an emotional response has already fully developed (Ioannidis & Siegling, 2015). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 348-362. Put simply, cognitive reappraisal is fundamentally changing the way one thinks about potentially emotion-eliciting events. When I want to feel less negative emotion (such as sadness or anger), I change what I’m thinking about. Items on the scale involve two distinct aspects of emotional life, namely: emotional experience and emotional expression. Mai, Hi Mai, Catastrophizing – explicitly emphasizing the consequences of negative events. Before you read on, we thought you might like to download our 3 Emotional Intelligence Exercises for free. We hope you enjoyed reading this article. Elaine Houston, B.Sc. (2010) found that improving emotion regulation in children resulted in fewer disciplinary incidents, improved behavior control, fewer aggressive-disruptive problems, on-task learning behaviors and peer social skills, and more assertive behaviors. Text Citation: Gross, J. J., & John, O. P. (2003). For instance, when experiencing a stressful situation, one might be inclined to ruminate and blame or to accept or positively reappraise the situation (Garnefski & Kraaij, 2007). Cutuli (2014) found that individuals who utilize the cognitive reappraisal strategy are more likely to exhibit interpersonal behavior that is appropriately focused on social interaction. I control my emotions by changing the way I think about the situation I’m in. Cognitive Reappraisal: Men – 4.6, Women – 4.61, Expressive Suppression: Men – 3.64, Women – 3.14. Marroquín, B., Tennen, H., & Stanton, L.A. (2017). Publication year for the most recent version: 2013. 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