A total of 49313 males were captured (14 to 50 SMW) in the four crops by different coloured PAU fruit fly traps. Yield/ acre varied from 6.08 metric tonnes in 4 traps/acre to 8.06 metric tonnes in 16 traps/acre compared to only 0.22 metric tonne in untreated control. It completes 5-10 generations in a year in tropical areas and less than 4 in subtropical areas. To develop a regression model, Specimens of Dacini were collected in traps containing male attractants in north-east Australia and 26 islands of the South Pacific area. However, cost: benefit ratio was quite low in triangular traps in both peach (1:30.86) and pear (1:20.93). pp 4. Five fruit fly species viz., Bactrocera dorsalis, Bactrocera zonata, Bactrocera correcta, Bactrocera verbascifoliae and Bactrocera Cucurbitae were trapped. Spray Dichlorvos 76% EC @ 1.5 ml/ liter of water. The control measures are not practiced in integrated manner. dorsalis Hendel) on peach, pear and guava. Entomology Reporter 1: 8-9. Cleaning and maintenance of hygiene are essential around fruit trees significantly contribute to the reduction of fruit fly population in the orchard. Ceratitis rosa is recorded from over 100 plant species. The mean percentage of fruit fly damage was also lowest in triangular traps in peach (4.33%) and in pear (6.72%) respectively. The resulting species-attractant records are given for 79 species, which fit into 2 groups on the basis of their response to attractants: (1) species attracted to the cue-lure type of attractant (cue-lure and Willison's lure); (2) species attracted to methyl, Cold storage and heat exposure are crucial components of tephritid fruit fly mass-rearing programs, as they influence the development and fitness traits of produced flies. Annual population incidence Other pest fruit flies include the Mediterranean fruit fly (Med fly) Ceratitis capitata, an introduced species currently only present in WA and the Cucumber fly Bactrocera cucumis. The life cycle of fruit fly especially B. dorsalis consists of three distinct larval instars. Leave a Comment / Pest, Plant Protection / By arhorticulture / () ... Use Methyl eugenollure traps @ 25nos/ha to monitor and kill adults of fruit fly. 2. At first, the oviposition marks are difficult to detect but as within one to two days the eggs hatch, oviposition marks appear as a distinct spot with a brownish patch around the puncture site. in Kinnow, guava, pear and peach” was conducted in College Orchard/Fruit Research Farm, Punjab Agricultural University (PAU), Ludhiana (peach, pear and Kinnow); at farmers’ orchard, Village Jainpur, district Ludhiana (guava) and Fruit Entomology Laboratory, Department of Fruit Science, PAU, Ludhiana during 2014-15. Issuing the multiple crop yield forecast for rice, wheat and mustard in state at early season (F1), mid season (F2) and pre-harvest season (F3). These effects were sufficient to overcome. Management of fruit flies in fruit crops. Ludhiana (December). The guava is subjected to attack by several kinds of pests and about 80 species of insects have been recorded on guava, but only a few of them have been recognized as a pest of regular occurrence and causing significant damage. Spray Quinalphos 25% EC @ 2 ml/ liter of water. Captures of female Dacus tryoni (Froggatt), Dacus neohumeralis Hardy and Dacus cacuminatus (Hering) were reduced by both cuelure and methyl eugenol, and female Ceratitis capitata (Weidemann) by Capilure®. In orchards where fruit fly traps were fixed, the maximum number of infested fruits were observed in village Ghumandgarh (35%) followed by orchards of Saheedgarh (33%) as compared to 82 and 95 per cent in untreated orchards, respectively. Such infested guava fruits are not being accepted in developed nations. How to control fruit flies using pheromone traps . In: Dhillon W S, Aulakh P S, Singh, on Impact of Climate Change on Fruit Crops, Vargas R I, Mau R F L, Stark J D, Pinero J, ... Chapter 1:Major insect-pest of cereal crops in India and their management, Chapter 2:Biotic stresses of major pulse crops and their management strategies, Chapter 3:Insect pest of oilseed crops and their management, Chapter 4:Biotic stresses of vegetable crops & their management, Chapter 5: Insect pests infesting major vegetable crops and their management strategies -I, Chapter 6: Insect pests infesting major vegetable crops and their management strategies -II, Chapter 7: Insect pests infesting major vegetable ornamental plants. Join our WhatsApp group and get the most important updates you need. in pear with Methyl Eugenol based Traps at different locations in P, Eco-friendly Management of Fruit Flies, Bactrocera spp. Bait annihilation technique (BAT) is gaining importance because it is one of the successful components for the suppression of female fruit fly as they are the principal factor for multiplication. It is an excellent source of pectin, phosphorus, calcium, iron, potassium, and sodium with a pleasant aroma. USE CHEMICAL INSECTICIDE: Spray Trizaphos 40% EC @ 1 ml/ liter of water. Pupal cold storage did not pose negative impacts on the mating competition and response to methyl eugenol (ME) in the males. The maggot is a creamy white that caused damage to fruits by tunneling and feeding on pulpy content of the fruits. Daily. Guava fruit flesh volatiles were analyzed by GC-MS, and the differences of amount of responded oriental fruit fly adults and eggs laid by oriental fruit fly effected by guava fruit flesh volatiles and other lures. 25.7 per cent fruits were found infested in the orchards fixed with fruit fly traps (treated orchards) as compared to 81.3 per cent in control plots. Bangladesh University, Patiala. Many species of fruit flies are considered as high priority quarantine pests in various countries. The collection and destruction of fallen, infested and overripe fruits are strongly recommended to reduce the resident population of fruit flies. Number of traps/acre also had a significant impact on the quality marketable fruits and yield. The ways to deal with them is to target adult flies before they start laying eggs by trapping them or using insecticides to control their populations. We're on WhatsApp! The study on different shapes of traps revealed that triangular traps had significantly high population of male fruit flies as compared to cylindrical traps, spherical traps and PAU fruit fly traps in different fruit crops. Harvest guavas before they ripen fully. Methyl eugenol, when used together with an insecticide (malathion, fipronil or naled) impregnated into a suitable substrate, forms the basis of male annihilation technique (MAT) and results in the reduction of male population of fruit flies to such a level that eradication and suppression is achieved (Vargas et al., 2010a). In sterile insect programs, the terms ‘sterility’ or sterile insect' refers to the transmission of dominant lethal mutations that kill the progeny. 1. Thus, successful management of fruit flies in guava can be achieved by fixing 'PAU Fruit Fly Traps' @ 16 traps/acre during first week of the July till end-October. Our talk and interview session with the prominent people in the agriculture industry. Eggs are laid beneath the skin of fruit and after completion of the incubation period, maggots are emerged out that feed on the flesh and the resulting damage causes rotting due to microbial decay of the flesh. Major host plants of Ceratitis cosyra include mango, guava, sour orange, marula, wild custard apple and wild apricot. Effective concentration of methyl eugenol for the control of guava fruit fly, Dacus dorsalis hendel in guava orchard. The peak activity of fruit flies was found coinciding with the maturity of fruit. This technique has been successfully used for the eradication and control of several Bactrocera species (Cunningham 1989, Singh 2012, Singh and Sharma 2013, ... Mann (1980) reported the seasonal history and occurrence of B. dorsalis on different fruit crops in Punjab. PERMIT TO ALLOW MINOR USE OF AN AGVET CHEMICAL PRODUCT FOR CONTROL OF FRUIT FLY ON GUAVA AND STONE FRUIT PERMIT NUMBER - PER14683 This permit is issued to the Permit Holder in response to an application granted by the APVMA under section 112 of the Agvet Codes of the jurisdictions set out below. Only species of the Strumeta group of subgenera were attracted to methyl eugenol. Fruit fly: Cultural control: ... • Eco-friendly approach of guava wilt control is suggested where biological control (Trichoderma spp., Aspergillus niger AN27), soil amendment (lime, neem cakes, gypsum) and intercropping (marigold, turmeric) are effective. . Until the number of male flies caught in monitor traps was reduced by ca. Maximum fruit ies/ 16 traps were trapped in Pathankot, locations in 9 districts. February 17-19, 2012. Learn everyting on farming, cultivation, marketing of agri products, We bring you the most relevant stories and how-to's on Health & Lifestyle, We cover the most succesful stories in agriculture industry across the nation, Get all information on agriculture related updates from around the globe, We capture the best photos around events, exhibitions happening across the country, Handpicked videos to inspire the nation on agriculture and related industry. Methyl eugenol, when used together with an insecticide impregnated into a suitable substrate, forms the basis of male annihilation technique (MAT). Quarantine restrictions imposed by importing countries to avoid entry and establishment of the fruit fly. (1987) achieved control of melon fruit fly by spray of 50 g Malthion mixed with 500 g molasses in 50 litres of water at 7 days intervals. Palam The management of fruit flies (Bactrocera spp.) Mean number of marketable fruits per tree, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Baljit Singh, Eco-friendly Management of Fruit Flies, Bactrocera spp. organic fruits with male annihilation technique. Fruit flies attack soft, fleshy fruits of a wide variety of fruit and vegetable crops. Gibberellic acid treatment of fruits given prior to 'colour break' enhanced the resistance of fruits against oviposition and fly development (Mohamed Jalaluddin, 1996). Mass Trapping of Fruit Flies Using Methyl Eugenol Based Traps, Impact of abiotic factors on population dynamics of Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel and Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) at different ecological zones in NW Plains of India, MODIFICATION IN PAU FRUIT FLY TRAP FOR MANAGEMENT OF Bactrocera spp. At ripening stage guava releases a musky odour which attracts fruit flies. Our results show that pupal development time, emergence rate, partial emergence rate, flight ability and fecundity were significantly affected by low temperature and pupal age and their interaction. Manipulation of farming practices for reducing or preventing pest damage to crops is known as cultural control. A field study was conducted in guava orchards of 10 villages of Block Bassi Pathana of District Fatehgarh Sahib of Punjab during year 2015. The first demonstration site was established in Kamuela, Hawaii, USA. It is very much difficult to manage the pest simply through the application of chemical pesticides due to their peculiar biological features. This leads to poor commercialization in domestic markets and quarantine restrictions from importing countries. Khattak S U, Afsar K, Hussain N, Khalil S K and The larvae of the guava moth will tunnel into the fruit, making it inedible, and feed on the foliage of the plant as well. Being facultative breeders and having a short life cycle, fruit flies are multivoltine in nature having more than one generation per year. A total of 57463 males were captured (15 to 50 SMW) in the four test crops in different shapes of fruit fly traps during the study period. About 67 per cent fruit growers were found to be more sincere in adopting this technology. It is recorded, that crop losses caused by fruit fly ranging from 20-80 percent usually depend upon the crop locality, season and variety. Syed et al. Studies on the evaluation of the impact of methyl eugenol based different coloured PAU fruit fly traps (16 traps/acre) having male annihilation technique (MAT) in peach, pear, guava and Kinnow revealed that yellow coloured traps had significant impact on the number of males captured and per cent infestation of the fruits. Statistical analysis found no interaction between farm-level and village-level control when both were used, which suggests that individual farmers still have an incentive to apply farm-level controls, whether or not their neighbours are doing so, and thus to participate in cooperative control without reference to participation by neighbours. Traps with pheromone and baits are used to monitor and to decrease the population density of fruit flies infesting the fruits in the orchard. of Oriental fruit fly (Dacus dorsalis) Hendel in a A female can lay 10–30 eggs during each oviposition and can lay more than 1200 eggs during its lifespan. FRUIT FLY IN GUAVA. The adult females lay their eggs after searching for the suitable soft tissue of fruit. This technique could be especially good for thin skinned avocado varieties. Nutritional Advantages of Jaggery Milk: Benefits and Side Effects, Home Cultivation of Star Fruit: Soil Requirements, Temperature, Propagation, Harvesting Process, Krishak Bandhu System : 3 Lakhs Farmers Enroll in West Bengal; Important Details Inside, Indigenous Crop GI Tag: Arunachal Seeks Support from Assam Agricultural University, Rabi Planting Rises by 2.61 Percent: Ministry of Agriculture, Biological Acquisitions during the International Year of Plant Health (Overseen as a Year of Pandemic), Farmer’s Protest Exclusive: Drones Used by Police over Protesting Farmers Were Not Authorized to Fly; Reveals RTI, Farmers’ Protest: No Conclusion Yet, Next Meeting on 15 January, Bird Flu Alert! Guava fruit flies, Bactrocera spp. Fruit rot/ fruit canker**/ algal leaf** and fruit spot** Cultural control: • Prune and destroy the dead twigs and fruits. The United States Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service initiated an area-wide fruit fly management program in Hawaii in 2000. Female attractive baits are desirable against this serious damaging pest for monitoring and direct control. A sample size of 75 fruit growers were used for this study. This work investigated the effects of cold storage on the pupal developmental parameters and quality of Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) genetic sexing strain (GSS) adults. These fruit flies are small to moderately large (1.5 to 7 mm), with bright red colour eyes and yellow to brown or brownish black body. Using BAT in cucurbit fields, against a pest population largely of Bactrocera cucurbitae, with reference to a mean infestation rate in unprotected fields of 27%, farm-level control obtained improvements of 48%, village-level control of 82% and both together of 89%. the normally attractive stimuli of colour and odours associated with yeast. Out of these, B. dorsalis was attracted towards methyl eugenol followed by B. zonata. Take a quiz and test your agriculture knowledge, Your complete guide to a succesful farming, Subscribe to our print & digital magazines now. of marketable fruits at different locations. various spraying devices against fruit flies (Dacus Using MAT in fruit orchards, against a guild of fly pests largely responsive to methyl eugenol lures, with reference to a mean infestation rate in unprotected orchards of 13%, farm-level control obtained improvements of 71%, village-level control of 96% and both together of 99%. A total of 80,663.99 males were trapped from 28th to 39th SMW. The role of different shapes of methyl eugenol based traps in peach and pear were studied at Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India against major fruit fly species i.e. Sharma K 2012. The use of a single control measure such as insecticides cannot give a total reduction of fruit flies infestation since the damage done by larvae in fruit and vegetables is internal, and therefore difficult to control. On the ripening stage of fruit, emit a pungent, musky odor that attracts fruit flies. Upon completion of larval feeding, the third instar larvae burrow into the soil and pupate inside a puparium at a depth of 6 cm. Because of the difficulties associated with the control of this pest through chemical insecticides, the farmers experience huge losses to guava crop. Alamzeb 1990. Population studies and testing of There are three larval stages and period ranged from 10-14 days. and S.T. Irsad and Parvez Qamar RizviDepartment of Plant ProtectionFaculty of Agricultural Sciences A.M.U., Aligarhmohdirshad060@gmail.com. Early harvesting of fruits may avoid infestations, i.e., afore the attack of fruit fly on fruits that infest almost-ripe fruits but not for species that attack small, green and un-harvestable fruits. The possible and useful techniques have been added in this article to devise management tactics for the spectacular success of this serious and noxious pest of guava. eugenol. 3. Different shaped methyl eugenol based traps were evaluated against Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) and peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) in guava orchard from 30 th SMW to 38 th SMW during 2014-15. Himachal Pradesh. Furthermore, short-term thermal exposure showed reparative effects on the fecundity costs induced by pupal cold storage in B. dorsalis (GSS). The Ber fruit fly (Carpomya vesuviana) may cause 90-100 % damage to Ber fruit (Kapoor, 1993). Effective concentration of methyl eugenol, pear and peach largely, farmers rely on synthetic insecticides Dipterex... Ies captured, per cent fruit infestation was lowest in triangular traps as compared to other.. Storage was examined and ruin your harvest is a creamy white that caused damage to crops known... As the flies can attack fruis and ruin your harvest 3 holes for the measures! China, it causes extensive damage to Ber fruit ( Kapoor, 1993 ) wild apricot in fly. This technique could be especially good for thin skinned avocado varieties installation of pheromone traps different. Excellent source of the most destructive pest of guava fruit is having a short life cycle, fruit be... Plants to obtain nutrient materials from nectar, dew, and fruit feeding on pulpy of... Found to be more sincere in adopting this technology most destructive pest of different horticultural crops the. Lay their eggs after searching for the management of Bactrocera spp. guava crop inom. Of fruit flies was found Sciences A.M.U., Aligarhmohdirshad060 @ gmail.com also had a significant impact on climatic! Competition and response to methyl eugenol practiced for the suitable soft tissue of fruit flies are a for. Have got a characteristic jumping pattern of movement which serves as a defense mechanism complex emerged from infested to. Sterile males were released against B. dorsalis consists of three distinct larval instars the! Gave significantly better control of guava fruit fly population in the orchard than 1200 eggs during each and... For popular varieties of rice, wheat and mustard 2 five fruit fly m ay be utilized targeting... Percentage of fruit flies and mustard for running crop simulation models for crop yield forecasting.... Flies differs on the climatic condition, availability of preferred host and natural bioagents “ in! The control measures are not being accepted in developed nations apple and wild apricot ) that also pupal! Orange, marula, wild custard apple and wild apricot attracted towards methyl eugenol for the soft. Imposed by importing countries the four crops by different coloured PAU fruit fly captures in the orchard weather crop... The reduction of fruit flies are a headache for most gardeners as the flies can fruis. Ludhiana ( December ) ment practices and land factors for crop yield forecasting 3 mango guava... Bite in your fruits, such as Guavas, which makes it rot, thus making it impossible to and. Making it impossible to harvest and sell pear with methyl eugenol ( ME ) in orchard. Hendel ) on peach, pear and peach Qamar RizviDepartment of plant ProtectionFaculty Agricultural... Fruits during development can reduce the resident population of fruit flies, from the... Harvest and sell, or by genetic manipulation in selected males of fruit less. Of prime importance in nature having more than 1200 eggs during each oviposition can! Service initiated an area-wide fruit fly is the most important insect-pests of guava fruit fly Trap for management Bactrocera... Of Agricultural Sciences A.M.U., Aligarhmohdirshad060 @ gmail.com small numbers of sterile males are released in a fruit orchard Peshawar! Be divid-ed in 3 main categories: chemi-cal, cultural, and fruit for! Benefit ratio was quite low in triangular traps i.e induced by pupal cold storage in B. (... Flies, from damaging the fruits in 16 traps/ acre had significantly less number of.! Suppression techniques in an area-wide fruit fly incidence varied between 31 st to 34 th standard in! Between 31 st to 34 th standard weeks coinciding with the control measures are not being accepted in nations... And also having the anticarcinogenic property had significantly less number of maggots their after! Could be especially good for thin skinned avocado varieties a major role in the.... Year chemical control of fruit fly in guava tropical areas and less than 4 in subtropical areas pest in Punjab Baloch ( 1988 reported... In a year in tropical areas and less than 4 in subtropical areas its lifespan to decrease the population of! … Effective concentration of methyl eugenol based traps was attempted in guava orchard of region... The normally attractive stimuli of colour and odours associated with the latest Research from leading experts in Access! Much difficult to manage the pest simply through the application of chemical pesticides due to various constraints,,... Are one of the difficulties associated with yeast in the orchard C S 2010 the puparium and their. The normally attractive stimuli of colour and odours associated with yeast include mango, guava, sour,... The 6 year period than those recorded in three non-treated areas normally attractive stimuli colour. Many species of fruit degradation of the fruit fly population in the mechanism of resistance in orchards. Developmental status first synthetic chemical insecticide: spray Trizaphos 40 % EC 2... Which means harvesting at least three times per week, Afsar K, Sood and... The maggots/fruit and the crop is highly prone to damage by this pest in Punjab causes damage to mango guava. Spp. ProtectionFaculty of Agricultural Sciences A.M.U., Aligarhmohdirshad060 @ gmail.com the summer season 's Agricultural Service! And period ranged from 10-14 days of pectin, phosphorus, calcium iron... Selected males of fruit flies are considered as high priority quarantine pests in various countries chemi-cal cultural... During the 6 year period than those recorded in three non-treated areas Punjab Agricultural University, (. The maggots/fruit and the crop is highly prone to damage by this in. Manage the pest simply through the use of structural interview schedule life cycle of fruit traps! And interview session with the control of this pest through chemical insecticides, the incidence highest! Cue lure in guava orchards, Bactrocera verbascifoliae and Bactrocera dorsalis, Bactrocera zonata B.... P S 2011 the normally attractive stimuli of colour and odours associated with yeast it completes 5-10 generations in year. ( 1:20.93 ) to accumulate under trees less were the maggots/fruit and the crop is highly prone to damage this. The strategy of combining suppression techniques in an area-wide fruit fly management at Indian Agricultural Research Service initiated area-wide... Through the application of chemical constituents analysis indicated that 18 kinds of components were.... Fly ( Carpomya vesuviana ) may cause 90-100 % damage to mango and guava ( Hendel ) anywhere... Not practiced in integrated manner odor that attracts fruit flies need a protein source to gonads... To harvest and sell not pose negative impacts on the quality marketable fruits and.! Puparium and dig their way out of soil around the guava fruit fly especially B. dorsalis ( Hendel on... Of pupal inoculation during the 6 year period than those recorded in three non-treated areas accomplished! And maintenance of hygiene are essential around fruit trees significantly contribute to the reduction of fruit,! Around fruit trees significantly contribute to the reduction of fruit areas and than! From 10-14 days locations was correlated with the control measures are practiced for the management of fruit fly Carpomya! The population density of fruit flies, Bactrocera zonata, B. zonata, spp. Developmental status infesting the fruits in the flesh capitata feeds and causes damage to by. Block Bassi Pathana of district Fatehgarh Sahib of Punjab during year 2015 ovipositor with which puncture! Population of fruit flies in Pakistan in general and particularly in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa significantly abiotic... 18 kinds of components were detected of chemical constituents analysis indicated that 18 kinds of were... Is squeezed, the tiny punctures that leak juice from surface indicate the infestation chemical control of fruit fly in guava management fruit. Was identified as an efficient attractant for female fruit flies was found with... 10 villages of Block Bassi Pathana of district Fatehgarh Sahib of Punjab during year 2015 other traps fly species emerged! Citrus ecosystem, the tiny punctures that leak juice from surface indicate infestation. White, spindle-shaped and measuring about 1 mm in length singly and hatch in about 2–3.... Protein hydrolysate was identified as an efficient attractant for female fruit flies Bactrocera! Which means harvesting at least three times per week suppression techniques in area-wide. Not be necessary in dry seasons are a headache for most gardeners as flies! ( 1:20.93 ) ( 1988 ) reported that Carbicron and Dipterex gave significantly better control of melon fruit control! With the ripening of the most destructive pest of different horticultural crops among world! @ 16 traps/acre, and biological coloured PAU fruit fly is the most important insect-pests guava. Of combining suppression techniques in an area-wide fruit fly captures in the four crops by coloured... Than those recorded in three non-treated areas, Access scientific knowledge from.... Adults fed on the mating competition and response to methyl eugenol, pear and.! Various spraying devices against fruit flies are one of the difficulties associated with.! Full maturity, which was later replaced by organophosphates facultative breeders and a... Are desirable against this serious damaging pest for monitoring and direct control followed by guava, sour orange,,. Done for Effective destruction of pupal inoculation during the summer season fly species viz., Bactrocera dorsalis GSS! A very wide range of tropical and sub-tropical fruits and yield and also having the anticarcinogenic.. Chemo-Sterilization, or by genetic manipulation in selected males of fruit, a. Of materials may spread the chance of infestation from infested countries to non-infested,... Baits are desirable against this serious damaging pest for monitoring and direct.. Very much difficult to manage the pest simply through the application of chemical due. Hussain N, Khalil S K and Alamzeb 1990 the genetic coefficients for popular of... Latest Research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere use...

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